Balpakram National Park, located near Baghmara in Meghalaya, is a biodiverse wilderness that encompasses an area of approximately 220 square kilometers. This national park is renowned for its unique landscapes, rich wildlife, and cultural significance. It is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts.

The park’s topography is diverse, featuring deep gorges, rugged cliffs, and dense forests. It is home to a wide range of wildlife, including several endangered and rare species. Visitors to Balpakram National Park may have the opportunity to spot Indian bison, red pandas, clouded leopards, Asian elephants, and various species of deer and primates.

One of the park’s major attractions is the Nokrek Biosphere Reserve, which is located within its boundaries. This reserve is known for its high species diversity and is recognized as a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve. It is a significant conservation area that safeguards the unique flora and fauna of the region.

Exploring Balpakram National Park offers an immersive experience in nature’s wonders. Visitors can embark on guided treks or safari tours to witness the park’s diverse ecosystems and encounter its wildlife. The park is also home to several breathtaking viewpoints that offer panoramic vistas of the surrounding landscapes, allowing visitors to appreciate the park’s natural beauty.

Balpakram National Park holds immense cultural significance for the Garo tribe, who consider it a sacred place. The park is deeply rooted in the Garo folklore and mythology, with several legends associated with its features. Visitors can learn about the cultural heritage of the Garo community and their connection with the park through interactions with the locals.

Balpakram has many mysterious and unnatural phenomena that cannot be satisfactorily explained by modern science and logic. Some of these mysterious sites are:-

Boldak Matchu Karam: On the wayside there is a sturdy Boldak tree (schimawalliche) that has a mysterious depression around its trunk as if eroded by the constant tethering of animals on it. The Garos believe that the spirits of the dead tie their animals slaughtered for their funeral to this tree while taking a rest close by hence when one such tree was felled by strong winds, soon after another tree close by started having the same symptoms.

Chidimak: There is small pool in Balpakram which is absolutely charcoal black. It is believed that the spirits of the dead wash and clean themselves here before entering the realms of the dead. Hence the clear water turned black from their sins and soots of cremation.

Matchru: Anti or Animal market. In the heart of the vast plateau there is a big stretch of flat rocks that is full of foot prints of all kinds of animals big and small. It is not understood how only that stretch of rock has thousands and thousands of footprints embedded there whereas the nearby rocks are completely bereft of such prints. Myth logically of course it is said that it used to be a market place where all kind of animals gather for their weekly markets.

Areng Patal: It is a massive rock with a hollow space on its surface that is believed to have powerful magnetic powers. This hollow space acts as a veritable death trap to any bird or animal (except for man of course) that goes near it. Any living being that goes near it is magnetically drawn towards the hollow from where it can never come out and die eventually.

Goncho Dare: The rock cliffs of the canyon are said to be the natural habitats of gonchos, the evil spirits who like to take away people from their homes. These gonchos lead their victims over steep precipices and inaccessible rock faces without causing any physical harm.

Dikkini Ring: To the southern side near Mahadeo village there stands a massive flat rock in the shape of an upturned boat. It is said that one night when Dikki, a legendary hero was making this boat, the cocks started crowing before completed the task and hence the uncompleted boat turned to stone. The legend says that spirits work only at night and have to complete their works before cocks crow.

Rongsaljong Agal: On the South Garo and Khasi  Hills border there is a very interesting rock tank that is  120 ft long and 90 ft wide. Interesting side of it is that the water here remains perpetually clear and transparent, also it remains at the same level throughout the year. It is surprising that heavy down pours of rain cannot raise its level or the scorching heat of summer reduce it. The Garos believed that it used to be the bathing ghat of Bandi’s wife Shore. Her bucket of water fossilized into stone remains in that place.

Rongsobok Rongkol: Further east to the northern side of Balpakram  there is a beautiful cave that contains shining pieces of rock that resemble banana flowers.

Meghalaya Tours

Tourist Attractions in Baghmara

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