Nestled in the heart of India, Chhattisgarh is a state with a rich tapestry of history, natural beauty, and vibrant culture. With its verdant forests, ancient archaeological sites, tribal communities, and enchanting landscapes, Chhattisgarh offers a unique and offbeat travel experience for explorers seeking something beyond the ordinary.
Chhattisgarh, formed in the year 2000, is a relatively young state, but its history dates back thousands of years. The region has been witness to the rise and fall of various dynasties, including the Mauryas, the Satavahanas, the Kalachuris, and the Haihayavanshis. It is dotted with numerous archaeological sites, including ancient rock paintings, cave temples, and majestic forts, which stand as testimony to its glorious past.
The state is blessed with abundant natural beauty, with lush green forests, meandering rivers, and picturesque waterfalls. The dense forests of Chhattisgarh are home to a remarkable variety of flora and fauna, making it a haven for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers. Indravati National Park, Kanger Valley National Park, and Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary are just a few of the many protected areas where you can witness the diverse wildlife of the region.
Chhattisgarh is known for its vibrant tribal culture, with over 40 different tribes inhabiting the state. Each tribe has its unique traditions, art forms, and festivals, offering visitors a glimpse into their rich cultural heritage. The tribal markets and haats (weekly markets) are the perfect places to immerse yourself in the colors, crafts, and cuisine of these indigenous communities.
The state celebrates a myriad of festivals throughout the year, which showcase its cultural vibrancy. The Bastar Dussehra, celebrated in the Bastar region, is a grand spectacle where traditional rituals, music, dance, and processions captivate the senses. Other notable festivals include Madai Festival, Teeja Festival, and Hareli, which are celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor.
For adventure enthusiasts, Chhattisgarh offers exciting opportunities for trekking, camping, river rafting, and boating. The picturesque landscapes, gushing waterfalls, and winding rivers provide the perfect backdrop for thrilling outdoor activities. Places like Chitrakote Falls, Tirathgarh Falls, and Amritdhara Waterfall are popular attractions for nature lovers and adventure seekers.
The state's cuisine is a reflection of its diverse cultural influences and agricultural abundance. From delectable tribal delicacies to traditional regional dishes, Chhattisgarh offers a range of flavors and culinary experiences. Don't miss out on the local specialties like petha (a sweet made from ash gourd), bafauri (gram flour dumplings), and jalebi (a sweet pretzel-like dessert).
With its warm and welcoming people, Chhattisgarh offers a delightful blend of history, nature, and cultural immersion. Whether you are exploring ancient ruins, trekking through lush forests, or experiencing tribal traditions, Chhattisgarh promises an unforgettable journey filled with enriching experiences and untold stories waiting to be discovered.
The history of Chhattisgarh is a tapestry woven with ancient civilizations, powerful kingdoms, and colonial influences. The region has witnessed the rise and fall of various dynasties, each leaving their mark on its cultural, social, and architectural landscape.
The roots of Chhattisgarh's history can be traced back to ancient times. The region was part of the Mauryan Empire, under the rule of Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. It later came under the influence of the Satavahanas, who ruled over central India.
During the medieval period, Chhattisgarh was ruled by several dynasties, including the Kalachuris, Nagavanshis, and Rajputs. The Haihayavanshis, a dynasty that originated in the region, played a significant role in shaping the history of Chhattisgarh. They established their capital at Ratanpur and ruled over a vast territory.
In the 16th century, Chhattisgarh came under the control of the Marathas, led by the Bhonsle dynasty. The Marathas consolidated their power in the region and established several forts and administrative centers. Raipur, the present-day capital of Chhattisgarh, was founded by the Marathas.
During the British colonial era, Chhattisgarh was initially a part of the Central Provinces and Berar. The British established their administrative presence in the region and introduced modern infrastructure and governance systems. Chhattisgarh played a significant role in the freedom struggle against British rule, with several prominent leaders emerging from the region.
After India gained independence in 1947, Chhattisgarh remained a part of Madhya Pradesh. However, the demand for a separate state intensified in the late 20th century, driven by regional aspirations and cultural distinctiveness. Finally, in the year 2000, Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh and became a separate state.
Today, Chhattisgarh embraces its rich historical legacy and strives to preserve and promote its cultural heritage. The state is home to numerous ancient archaeological sites, including rock paintings at Bhimbetka, ancient temples at Sirpur, and majestic forts like Raipur Fort and Bastar Palace. These historical landmarks stand as testaments to the region's glorious past and attract tourists and history enthusiasts from around the world.
Chhattisgarh's history is not merely a chronicle of rulers and empires but also a reflection of the resilience, creativity, and spirit of its people. It is a story of cultural fusion, as various communities, tribes, and civilizations have thrived in this land, contributing to its diverse and vibrant heritage. Exploring the history of Chhattisgarh offers a fascinating journey into the past, unraveling the mysteries and treasures that have shaped the state's identity.
Chhattisgarh is a state known for its rich and diverse culture, which is deeply rooted in its tribal heritage, folk traditions, art forms, music, and dance. The state's culture is a vibrant tapestry woven with the threads of ancient customs and contemporary influences.
Tribal Culture: Chhattisgarh is home to a significant population of indigenous tribes, including Gonds, Baigas, Bhils, Murias, and many more. These tribal communities have preserved their unique way of life, customs, and traditions for centuries. Their traditional attire, festivals, rituals, and art forms offer a glimpse into their rich cultural heritage. The tribal markets and haats (weekly markets) are bustling with activity, where visitors can witness the vibrant colors, crafts, and cuisine of these indigenous communities.
Folk Traditions: Folk traditions hold a special place in Chhattisgarh's cultural fabric. The region is known for its captivating folk dances and music. The "Panthi" and "Raut Nacha" are popular dance forms that showcase the lively spirit and rhythm of the state. The folk songs and musical instruments like the "Pungi," "Maandar," and "Bansuri" add to the cultural tapestry of Chhattisgarh.
Art and Handicrafts: Chhattisgarh boasts a rich tradition of art and handicrafts. The state is renowned for its exquisite terracotta work, wood carvings, bell metal craft, and tribal paintings. The artisans skillfully create intricate designs and motifs on pottery, sculptures, and various handicraft items. The Bastar region, in particular, is famous for its Dhokra metal craft, which involves casting intricate metal artifacts using the lost-wax technique.
Festivals: The festivals of Chhattisgarh are a vibrant reflection of its cultural diversity. The Bastar Dussehra is a grand festival celebrated in the Bastar region, where traditional rituals, music, dance, and processions captivate the senses. Other significant festivals include Hareli, Teeja, Madai, and Pola, which are celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor. These festivals provide an opportunity to witness the colorful customs, traditional costumes, and age-old rituals of the region.
Cuisine: Chhattisgarh's cuisine is a delightful blend of flavors, influenced by tribal and regional culinary traditions. The traditional cuisine includes a variety of dishes made from locally available ingredients like rice, millets, lentils, and seasonal vegetables. Popular dishes include "Bore Baasi," "Chila," "Fara," and "Muthiya." The use of aromatic spices and unique cooking techniques adds distinctiveness to Chhattisgarh's cuisine.
Heritage Sites: Chhattisgarh is home to numerous historical and architectural marvels that reflect its rich heritage. Ancient temples like the Bhoramdeo Temple, Laxman Temple, and Mahamaya Temple are renowned for their intricate carvings and religious significance. The heritage sites at Sirpur, including the Laxman Temple and Gandheshwar Temple, showcase the region's glorious past.
Chhattisgarh's culture and heritage are a testament to the resilience and diversity of its people. It provides visitors with a fascinating opportunity to immerse themselves in the traditions, art forms, and way of life that have shaped the identity of the state. Whether it's exploring tribal villages, witnessing folk performances, or indulging in traditional cuisine, Chhattisgarh offers a rich cultural experience that leaves a lasting impression on every visitor.
Chhattisgarh experiences a tropical climate, characterized by hot summers, monsoon rains, and cool winters. The weather in Chhattisgarh can vary across different regions of the state, but generally, the best time to visit is during the winter and spring months when the weather is pleasant for outdoor activities and sightseeing.
Winter (October to February): The winter season in Chhattisgarh is mild and enjoyable, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 25°C (50°F to 77°F). It is the ideal time to explore the various tourist destinations, go wildlife spotting in national parks, and engage in outdoor activities. The days are sunny, and the nights can be cool, especially in December and January. It is advisable to carry light woolens during this time.
Spring (March to April): Spring in Chhattisgarh is a transition period between winter and summer. The weather remains pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 35°C (68°F to 95°F). The landscapes are lush and vibrant due to the blooming of flowers and foliage. It is a great time to visit waterfalls, trekking trails, and cultural festivals that take place during this period.
Monsoon (June to September): Chhattisgarh receives moderate to heavy rainfall during the monsoon season. The region transforms into a green paradise with lush forests, gushing waterfalls, and rejuvenated rivers. While the natural beauty is at its peak during this time, outdoor activities may be limited due to rain and occasional thunderstorms. It is advisable to check weather conditions and road accessibility before planning a visit during the monsoon season.
Summer (May to June): Summers in Chhattisgarh are hot and dry, with temperatures ranging from 30°C to 45°C (86°F to 113°F). The scorching heat and high humidity can make outdoor activities uncomfortable during the day. However, if you can tolerate the heat, early mornings and evenings can still be pleasant. It is recommended to carry light and breathable clothing, sunscreen, and stay hydrated.
Overall, the best time to visit Chhattisgarh is during the winter and spring seasons, from October to April, when the weather is pleasant, and outdoor activities can be enjoyed to the fullest. However, depending on your preferences and interests, you can plan your visit accordingly to experience the unique charm of Chhattisgarh in different seasons.
Chhattisgarh, being centrally located in India, is well-connected by various modes of transportation. Here are the primary ways to reach Chhattisgarh:
By Air: The state has two major airports - Swami Vivekananda Airport in Raipur and Bilaspur Airport. These airports have regular flights connecting major cities in India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bangalore. From the airports, you can avail taxi or bus services to reach your desired destination within Chhattisgarh.
By Train: Chhattisgarh has an extensive railway network with several major railway stations. Raipur Junction, Bilaspur Junction, Durg Junction, and Bhilai Nagar are some of the important railway stations in the state. These stations are well-connected to various cities across India. You can take direct trains or connect through major railway junctions to reach Chhattisgarh.
By Road: Chhattisgarh is well-connected by a network of national highways, state highways, and well-maintained roads. Major cities in Chhattisgarh like Raipur, Bilaspur, and Durg are well-connected by road to neighboring states and cities. State-run buses, private buses, and taxis are available for intercity and intracity travel. You can also opt for self-drive or hire a cab to reach Chhattisgarh.
By Bus: Chhattisgarh has a comprehensive bus network that connects major towns and cities within the state. State-run buses, as well as private buses, operate regular services from neighboring states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Telangana. You can board buses from nearby cities and towns to reach different parts of Chhattisgarh.
By Waterways: Chhattisgarh has limited waterway transportation options. However, the state is well-connected to the National Waterway-1 (NW-1) on the Ganges river. One can take a boat or ferry from Kolkata or other ports on NW-1 and reach Haldia, and further continue the journey by road or rail to reach Chhattisgarh.
Once you reach Chhattisgarh, local transportation options like buses, taxis, auto-rickshaws, and rental cars are available to explore the cities and towns within the state. It is advisable to check the availability of transportation options and plan your travel in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons.
In Chhattisgarh, local transportation options are available to travel within cities and towns. Here are some common modes of local transportation:
- Auto-rickshaws: Auto-rickshaws are a popular mode of transportation for short distances within cities and towns. They are easily available and can be hired on a metered basis or through negotiation for the fare.
- Cycle-rickshaws: Cycle-rickshaws are commonly found in smaller towns and are ideal for short distances. These manually operated rickshaws are a slower but eco-friendly mode of transportation.
- Taxis: Taxis, both app-based and regular taxis, are available in larger cities like Raipur, Bilaspur, and Durg. They provide a convenient and comfortable mode of transport for longer distances or when you prefer door-to-door service.
- City Buses: Most cities in Chhattisgarh have a well-developed bus network operated by the state transport corporation. These buses connect various parts of the city and nearby towns. They are an economical way to travel within the city, although they can be crowded during peak hours.
- Shared Jeeps: In some rural areas or smaller towns, shared jeeps or mini-vans are a common mode of transportation. These vehicles follow fixed routes and pick up and drop off passengers along the way. They are often used for inter-village transportation.
- Rental Cars: For more flexibility and convenience, you can opt to rent a car or hire a private cab. Several car rental agencies operate in major cities, offering a range of vehicles for self-drive or with a chauffeur.
It is advisable to negotiate or confirm the fare before starting the journey in auto-rickshaws, cycle-rickshaws, or shared jeeps, as they generally do not have fixed meters. In larger cities, app-based ride-hailing services like Uber and Ola are also available for convenient and reliable transportation.
Chhattisgarh is well-connected by roads, and driving around the state can be a good option if you are comfortable with self-driving. However, it is essential to be familiar with the local traffic rules and road conditions before embarking on a self-drive journey.
Overall, the local transportation options in Chhattisgarh offer convenience and affordability for getting around the cities and towns, allowing you to explore the state's attractions and cultural heritage.
- Raipur: The capital city of Chhattisgarh, known for its bustling markets, cultural attractions, and the Mahant Ghasidas Memorial Museum.
- Bilaspur: The second-largest city in Chhattisgarh, famous for its aromatic Doobraj rice, historical sites like Ratanpur, and the Kanan Pendari Zoo.
- Durg: A major industrial city in Chhattisgarh, renowned for its ancient temples like Durg-Bhilai Maitri Bagh, and the Bhilai Steel Plant.
- Bhilai: Known for the Bhilai Steel Plant, one of India's largest steel plants, and the Maitri Bagh zoo and park.
- Raigarh: A city with rich cultural heritage, known for its ancient temples, the famous Kelo Waterfall, and the Jindal Steel and Power Plant.
- Korba: An industrial city known for its coal mines, thermal power plants, and the Hasdeo Bango Dam.
- Jagdalpur: Located in Bastar district, known for its unique tribal culture, the famous Chitrakote Waterfalls, and the Bastar Dussehra festival.
- Ambikapur: A city known for its scenic beauty, historical temples like Ramgarh and Mainpat, and the beautiful Sita Bengra Caves.
- Rajnandgaon: A historical city with attractions like the Dongargarh Temple, Rajnandgaon Palace, and the Kharkhara Dam.
- Bilha: Known for its ancient temples, traditional handicrafts, and the Bilha Lake, which attracts migratory birds.
- Janjgir: Famous for its ancient forts, temples, and the Vishnu Mandir Dam, which offers boating and picnic spots.
- Kanker: A picturesque town known for its royal palaces, tribal culture, and the Kanker Palace, which has been converted into a heritage hotel.
- Raigarh: Not to be confused with Raigarh city, this town is famous for its ancient Jain temples, the Ram Jharna Mandir, and the Kala Mandir Cultural Complex.
- Ambagarh Chowki: Known for its historical sites like the Sirpur Buddhist Monastery, Laxman Temple, and the Gandheswar Temple.
- Kawardha: A small town known for the beautiful Kawardha Palace, Bhoramdeo Temple, and the wildlife-rich Bhoramdeo Wildlife Sanctuary.
These cities and towns in Chhattisgarh offer a mix of historical, cultural, and natural attractions, providing visitors with a diverse range of experiences while exploring the state.
POPULAR TOURIST DESTINATIONS
Chhattisgarh is home to several popular tourist destinations that showcase the state's rich cultural heritage, natural beauty, and wildlife. Here are some of the top tourist destinations in Chhattisgarh:
- Bastar: Known for its unique tribal culture and vibrant festivals, Bastar offers a fascinating glimpse into the traditions and lifestyle of various tribal communities. The weekly markets, ancient temples, and the famous Bastar Dussehra festival are major attractions.
- Chitrakote Waterfalls: Often referred to as the "Niagara Falls of India," the Chitrakote Waterfalls is a breathtaking natural wonder located on the Indravati River. It is one of the widest waterfalls in India and attracts visitors with its stunning beauty.
- Raipur: The capital city of Chhattisgarh, Raipur is a bustling city with a blend of modern infrastructure and historical sites. The Mahant Ghasidas Museum, Nandan Van Zoo, and the Budhapara Lake are popular attractions.
- Sirpur: An ancient town with a rich historical and archaeological significance, Sirpur is known for its Buddhist heritage. The Laxman Temple, Gandheswar Temple, and the Sirpur Lake are must-visit sites.
- Jagdalpur: Located in Bastar district, Jagdalpur is famous for its natural beauty and tribal culture. The Bastar Palace, Chitrakote Waterfalls, and the Anthropological Museum are popular attractions.
- Kanker: Known for its beautiful palaces, Kanker offers a glimpse into the royal heritage of Chhattisgarh. The Kanker Palace, Malanjhkudum Waterfall, and the Kanker Kila are major tourist attractions.
- Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary: Spread over an area of 245 square kilometers, Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary is home to various wildlife species, including tigers, leopards, elephants, and birds. Safari tours and nature walks are popular activities here.
- Amarkantak: A holy town located at the meeting point of the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges, Amarkantak is known as the source of the Narmada River. It is dotted with temples, natural springs, and offers scenic views of the surrounding mountains.
- Bhoramdeo Temple: Situated near Kawardha, the Bhoramdeo Temple complex is known for its intricately carved temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. The architecture and sculptures date back to the 11th century and attract history and art enthusiasts.
- Tirathgarh Waterfalls: Located near Jagdalpur, Tirathgarh Waterfalls is a picturesque cascade surrounded by lush greenery. It offers a serene and tranquil environment, making it a popular picnic spot.
These are just a few examples of the many tourist destinations in Chhattisgarh. The state offers a wealth of cultural, historical, and natural attractions that cater to the interests of various travelers.
Chhattisgarh is known for its vibrant festivals and events that showcase the cultural diversity and traditional customs of the region. Here are some of the major festivals and events celebrated in Chhattisgarh:
- Bastar Dussehra: One of the most significant festivals in Chhattisgarh, Bastar Dussehra is a unique celebration that lasts for 75 days. It involves elaborate processions, cultural performances, and the worship of local deities. The festival attracts thousands of tourists from around the world.
- Madai Festival: Celebrated by the Gonds, the Madai Festival is a colorful tribal celebration that takes place in various parts of Chhattisgarh. It involves traditional dances, music, and rituals performed to seek blessings from tribal deities.
- Rajim Kumbh Mela: Held in Rajim, near Raipur, the Rajim Kumbh Mela is a grand religious gathering that attracts devotees from different parts of the country. Pilgrims take a holy dip in the confluence of three rivers (Mahamaya, Pairi, and Sondur) and participate in various rituals and cultural activities.
- Hareli Festival: Celebrated during the monsoon season, Hareli Festival is an agricultural festival dedicated to the worship of Mother Earth. Farmers offer prayers and perform traditional dances and music to seek blessings for a bountiful harvest.
- Chakradhar Samaroh: Organized in Raigarh, the Chakradhar Samaroh is a classical music and dance festival that brings together renowned artists from all over the country. It is held in honor of Maharaja Chakradhar Singh, a patron of music and dance.
- Teeja Festival: Celebrated by women in Chhattisgarh, Teeja Festival is dedicated to Goddess Parvati. Women observe fasts, perform rituals, and participate in cultural activities like singing, dancing, and swings.
- Pola Festival: Pola is a traditional festival celebrated by farmers to worship and honor their bullocks, which play a crucial role in agricultural activities. The festival involves bull races, folk dances, and feasts.
- Navakhani Festival: Navakhani is a harvest festival celebrated in the region of Surguja. It marks the end of the agricultural season, and people offer prayers and perform traditional dances to express gratitude for the bountiful harvest.
- Kartik Ekadashi Fair: Held in Bastar district, the Kartik Ekadashi Fair is a religious fair dedicated to Lord Shiva. Devotees take part in the fair, visit temples, and participate in cultural events and processions.
- Gangrel Festival: Celebrated by the tribal communities of Chhattisgarh, the Gangrel Festival is a vibrant event that involves folk dances, music, and cultural performances. It showcases the traditional customs and rituals of the tribes.
These festivals and events provide a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage and traditional practices of Chhattisgarh. They offer an opportunity for visitors to immerse themselves in the vibrant festivities and witness the unique cultural expressions of the state.
Chhattisgarh offers a variety of tourist activities that cater to the interests of different travelers. From exploring ancient ruins to engaging in adventure sports, here are some of the main tourist activities you can enjoy in Chhattisgarh:
- Wildlife Safari: Chhattisgarh is home to several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, including Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Kanger Valley National Park, and Indravati National Park. Embark on thrilling wildlife safaris to spot tigers, leopards, elephants, deer, and various species of birds and reptiles.
- Heritage Walks: Take a heritage walk in cities like Raipur, Jagdalpur, and Bilaspur to explore the architectural wonders, ancient temples, and historical sites. Visit places like Bhoramdeo Temple, Bastar Palace, and Sirpur Heritage Site to delve into the rich history and cultural heritage of the region.
- Trekking and Hiking: Chhattisgarh's scenic landscapes and hilly regions offer excellent opportunities for trekking and hiking. Explore places like Kanger Valley, Chitrakote Falls, and Dalpat Sagar Lake to enjoy nature trails and panoramic views.
- Water Sports: Indulge in water sports activities at the numerous water bodies in Chhattisgarh. Enjoy boating, kayaking, and canoeing in places like the Gangrel Dam, Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve, and Hasdeo River.
- Tribal Village Visits: Immerse yourself in the vibrant tribal culture of Chhattisgarh by visiting tribal villages. Interact with the local communities, witness their traditional practices, and learn about their unique customs and art forms.
- Cave Exploration: Explore the ancient caves of Chhattisgarh, such as the Kutumsar Cave, Kailash Cave, and Dandak Cave. Marvel at the intricate rock formations, stalactites, and stalagmites as you delve into the depths of these natural wonders.
- Handicraft Shopping: Chhattisgarh is known for its exquisite handicrafts, including tribal artwork, terracotta pottery, bamboo crafts, and handwoven textiles. Visit the local markets and emporiums to shop for authentic Chhattisgarhi handicrafts.
- Cultural Performances: Attend cultural performances and folk dances to experience the vibrant traditions of Chhattisgarh. The tribal communities of the state showcase their rich cultural heritage through dance forms like Karma, Panthi, and Raut Nacha.
- Photography Expeditions: Capture the beauty of Chhattisgarh through your lens. The diverse landscapes, wildlife, ancient architecture, and colorful festivals offer ample opportunities for photography enthusiasts.
- Adventure Sports: Engage in adventure sports like rock climbing, rappelling, and zip-lining at adventure parks and natural rock formations like Amritdhara Waterfall and Bailadila Hills.
These are just a few examples of the main tourist activities you can enjoy in Chhattisgarh. The state offers a wide range of experiences, allowing visitors to explore its natural beauty, cultural heritage, and adventurous offerings.
Chhattisgarh boasts a rich culinary tradition with a diverse range of flavors and ingredients. The cuisine of Chhattisgarh is influenced by the tribal communities and the availability of local produce. Here are some popular dishes and highlights of Chhattisgarhi cuisine:
- Poha: A common breakfast dish made with flattened rice, onions, green chilies, and spices. It is often served with sev (crunchy noodles) and garnished with coriander leaves and lemon juice.
- Bore Baasi: It is a traditional snack made with lentil flour, spices, and herbs. The dough is rolled out and deep-fried to make crispy and savory flatbreads.
- Chila: Similar to a pancake, chila is made with a batter of rice flour and lentils. It is typically served with chutney or a side of spicy curry.
- Red Ant Chutney: A unique and traditional delicacy of Chhattisgarh, red ant chutney is made by grinding red ants with spices, herbs, and tamarind. It is usually eaten with rice or roti.
- Aamat: Aamat is a popular curry made with leafy greens, lentils, and a variety of vegetables. It is flavored with spices and usually served with rice or roti.
- Muthia: Muthia is a steamed snack made with a mixture of rice flour, chickpea flour, and spices. It is shaped into dumplings and served with chutney or yogurt.
- Chousera Roti: Chousera roti is a nutritious bread made with a combination of millets and rice flour. It is usually eaten with a side dish or curry.
- Sabudana Khichdi: A fasting dish made with tapioca pearls (sabudana), peanuts, and spices. It is a popular snack during religious festivals and is enjoyed for breakfast or as an evening snack.
- Bara: Bara is a deep-fried lentil fritter made with a batter of black gram and spices. It is served with chutney and is a popular street food in Chhattisgarh.
- Chhattisgarhi Kadhi: Kadhi is a yogurt-based curry made with besan (gram flour) and tempered with spices. It is often served with steamed rice or roti.
Chhattisgarh is also known for its wide variety of pickles, chutneys, and sweets. The cuisine reflects the use of local ingredients, including a variety of greens, lentils, millets, and spices. Exploring the local food scene in Chhattisgarh is a delightful experience for food lovers and offers a glimpse into the unique flavors of the region.
Chhattisgarh offers a range of accommodation options to suit different budgets and preferences. From luxury resorts to budget-friendly guesthouses, here are the types of accommodations available in the state:
- Luxury Hotels and Resorts: Chhattisgarh is home to several luxury hotels and resorts that offer world-class amenities, spacious rooms, and excellent hospitality. These establishments provide a luxurious and comfortable stay for travelers looking for top-notch services.
- Mid-Range Hotels: There are numerous mid-range hotels in Chhattisgarh that offer comfortable rooms, essential amenities, and personalized services. These hotels provide a balance between quality and affordability, making them a popular choice among travelers.
- Budget Hotels and Guesthouses: For budget-conscious travelers, Chhattisgarh has a variety of budget hotels and guesthouses. These accommodations offer basic amenities, clean rooms, and a comfortable stay at affordable prices.
- Homestays: To experience the local culture and hospitality, travelers can opt for homestays in Chhattisgarh. Homestays provide an opportunity to stay with local families, enjoy homemade meals, and get insights into the local way of life.
- Eco-Lodges and Nature Resorts: Chhattisgarh's natural beauty and wildlife sanctuaries have led to the establishment of eco-lodges and nature resorts. These accommodations are nestled amidst nature and provide a tranquil and eco-friendly experience for nature lovers.
- Forest Rest Houses: In the wildlife reserves and national parks of Chhattisgarh, forest rest houses are available for tourists. These rest houses are located within the forest area, offering a unique opportunity to stay close to wildlife and immerse in nature.
- Tented Camps: Some tourist destinations in Chhattisgarh offer tented camps for an adventurous and immersive experience. These camps provide basic amenities and give travelers a chance to connect with nature while enjoying the comfort of camping.
It is advisable to book accommodation in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons, to ensure availability. The major cities and popular tourist destinations in Chhattisgarh have a good range of accommodation options to cater to the needs of different travelers.
Shopping in Chhattisgarh offers a unique experience, allowing visitors to explore the state's rich craftsmanship and traditional arts. Here are some of the popular items and shopping destinations in Chhattisgarh:
- Handicrafts: Chhattisgarh is known for its exquisite handicrafts, including terracotta pottery, bell metal and brassware, wrought iron crafts, bamboo and cane products, wood carvings, and tribal artwork. These handicrafts showcase the traditional skills and craftsmanship of the local artisans.
- Bastar Art and Crafts: Bastar, a district in Chhattisgarh, is renowned for its tribal art and crafts. Visitors can find beautifully crafted items such as Dhokra metal crafts, tribal jewelry, wooden carvings, and colorful textiles reflecting the tribal culture of the region.
- Kosa Silk: Chhattisgarh is famous for Kosa silk, a fine and lustrous silk variety. Visitors can purchase sarees, dress materials, and other garments made from Kosa silk, known for its soft texture and intricate designs.
- Tribal Jewelry: The tribal communities in Chhattisgarh create unique and vibrant jewelry using materials like beads, shells, metal, and terracotta. These handmade jewelry pieces make for beautiful souvenirs and accessories.
- Bastar Tribal Art and Craft Emporium: Located in Jagdalpur, the Bastar Tribal Art and Craft Emporium is a popular shopping destination for traditional tribal handicrafts and artworks. It showcases a wide range of products made by local artisans.
- Mahamaya Market: Situated in Raipur, Mahamaya Market is a bustling shopping area known for its wide variety of goods, including textiles, jewelry, handicrafts, and home decor items. It is a great place to explore and buy traditional Chhattisgarhi products.
- Government Emporia: Chhattisgarh State Handicraft Development Corporation operates several government emporia in major cities like Raipur and Jagdalpur. These emporia offer a curated collection of authentic handicrafts, textiles, and artworks from across the state.
- Street Markets: Chhattisgarh's cities and towns have vibrant street markets where visitors can find a range of products at reasonable prices. Raipur's Pandri Market, Bhilai's Supela Market, and Jagdalpur's Ganj Market are some popular options.
When shopping in Chhattisgarh, it is important to bargain and compare prices before making a purchase. Additionally, ensure that you are buying authentic and locally made products to support the local artisans and preserve the traditional arts of the region.
Drinking Water: The availability of clean drinking water can vary across different areas in Chhattisgarh. It is advisable to carry your own bottled water or use packaged drinking water from reliable brands. In urban areas, hotels and restaurants generally provide filtered or purified water for their guests.
Electricity: Chhattisgarh has a well-established electricity infrastructure. The state is known for its abundant coal reserves, which contribute to its power generation capacity. Most towns and cities have a consistent supply of electricity. The voltage used is 220-240 volts, and the plug type commonly used is the round two-pin plug.
Telephone and Mobile Networks: The state has a good coverage of mobile networks, and major telecom service providers operate in Chhattisgarh. You can expect reliable mobile phone connectivity in most urban and semi-urban areas. However, in remote or rural regions, the network coverage may be limited.
Internet: Internet connectivity is available in urban areas, and major cities have access to broadband services. Wi-Fi facilities are also available in hotels, cafes, and some public places. However, internet access may be limited or slower in rural and remote areas.
Health Services: Chhattisgarh has a decent healthcare infrastructure with government hospitals, private hospitals, clinics, and medical facilities available in urban areas. In major cities like Raipur and Bilaspur, you can find well-equipped hospitals with specialized medical services. However, healthcare facilities in rural and remote areas may be limited, and it is advisable to carry necessary medications and health insurance.
Postal Services: Postal services in Chhattisgarh are operated by India Post, the national postal service provider. Post offices are available in towns and cities, and they offer services like domestic and international mail delivery, money orders, and postal savings schemes.
Banks and ATMs: Chhattisgarh has a well-developed banking system with nationalized and private banks operating in the state. Major cities and towns have multiple branches of banks where you can avail various banking services. ATMs are also widely available, allowing convenient cash withdrawals and other banking transactions.
It is always recommended to have a local contact or guide who can provide specific information about the services and facilities available in the area you plan to visit in Chhattisgarh.