Egypt, officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country located in North Africa with a small portion of its territory extending into Asia through the Sinai Peninsula. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and Israel and the Gaza Strip to the northeast. Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East, with Cairo being its capital and largest city.
Egypt is renowned for its ancient civilization and iconic landmarks. The country has a rich history spanning over 5,000 years, with the ancient Egyptian civilization leaving behind numerous archaeological wonders, including the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, Luxor Temple, and the Valley of the Kings. The Nile River, the world's longest river, runs through Egypt, providing fertile land that supported the growth of the ancient civilization.
Apart from its historical significance, Egypt offers diverse landscapes, including deserts, mountains, and stunning coastlines along the Red Sea and the Mediterranean. Visitors can experience the vibrant culture, taste traditional cuisine, explore bustling markets, and enjoy warm hospitality from the Egyptian people.
Egypt has a desert climate, characterized by hot summers and mild winters. The weather can vary depending on the region, but generally, Egypt experiences hot and dry conditions throughout the year. The best time to visit Egypt is during the winter months (November to February) when temperatures are milder and more pleasant for outdoor activities and sightseeing.
In northern Egypt, including Cairo and Alexandria, temperatures during winter range from 10°C to 20°C (50°F to 68°F). The summer months from June to August can be extremely hot, with temperatures exceeding 35°C (95°F). In the southern parts of the country, such as Luxor and Aswan, temperatures can reach over 40°C (104°F) during summer, making it less favorable for outdoor activities.
Visitors to Egypt typically require a visa, except for citizens of certain countries eligible for visa-free entry or visa on arrival. The visa regulations may vary, so it's advisable to check with Egyptian embassies or consulates or consult the official website of the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the most up-to-date information.
Egypt is generally a safe destination for tourists, but it's important to be aware of the following: