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Papua New Guinea, located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, is a country of great cultural and biological diversity. It is one of the least explored and most fascinating countries in the world, with over 850 indigenous languages and a wide range of landscapes, from the highlands to the tropical rainforests and coral reefs. Papua New Guinea is also home to some of the world's most unique and exotic flora and fauna, including birds of paradise, tree kangaroos, and orchids.

The country is situated on the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, which is the second-largest island in the world. Papua New Guinea shares the island with Indonesia's province of West Papua, and it also includes several other smaller islands in the region. The country's rugged terrain and dense rainforests have made it challenging to develop infrastructure, which has helped to preserve the country's unique culture and environment.

Papua New Guinea's culture is diverse and rich, with traditional practices such as tribal warfare, initiation ceremonies, and dance still widely practiced. The country's history is also marked by its role in World War II, with several battles fought on its soil, and the country is home to several war museums and memorials.

Despite being relatively unknown as a tourist destination, Papua New Guinea offers a range of unique experiences for adventurous travelers. From exploring remote villages and witnessing traditional ceremonies to trekking through the highlands and diving in some of the world's most pristine coral reefs, Papua New Guinea is a destination like no other.

Papua New Guinea has a tropical climate with relatively stable temperatures throughout the year, ranging from 25°C to 32°C (77°F to 90°F). However, the country experiences distinct wet and dry seasons. The wet season is from December to March, with heavy rainfall and high humidity, while the dry season is from May to October, with cooler temperatures and less rainfall. The best time to visit Papua New Guinea is during the dry season, as the weather is more pleasant for outdoor activities and sightseeing.

It is important to note that Papua New Guinea is susceptible to natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions. Visitors should stay informed about the weather conditions and potential hazards before and during their trip.

Papua New Guinea is located in the South Pacific and is accessible by air and sea.

The main international airport is Jacksons International Airport, located near Port Moresby, the capital city. International airlines such as Qantas, Air Niugini, and Philippine Airlines operate flights to and from Papua New Guinea.

Domestic air travel is the most common way to get around the country, with Air Niugini and PNG Air operating frequent flights between major cities and regional centers. However, road infrastructure in Papua New Guinea is limited, so traveling by car or bus can be challenging.

Papua New Guinea is also a popular destination for cruise ships, with major cruise lines stopping at ports such as Alotau, Kavieng, and Rabaul.

Visitors should ensure they have the necessary travel documents, including a valid passport and any required visas, before entering the country.

Papua New Guinea has a limited transportation system, especially in the rural and remote areas. The primary modes of transportation include airplanes, boats, and private vehicles. Public transportation within cities and towns is scarce and not well-developed, so it's best to hire a private vehicle or take a taxi.

Air travel is the most popular way to get around the country, with numerous domestic airports spread across the islands. Air Niugini is the national airline of Papua New Guinea and offers daily flights to major cities and towns. However, flights may be subject to cancellations or delays due to bad weather or other reasons.

Boats are another popular mode of transportation in Papua New Guinea, especially for traveling between islands and coastal villages. There are various types of boats, including passenger ferries, speedboats, and canoes. The safety of these boats may vary, so it's best to research beforehand and choose a reputable service.

Private vehicles, including rental cars and taxis, are available in major cities and towns. However, the condition of the roads may be poor in some areas, and it's recommended to drive with caution. It's also essential to note that driving is on the left side of the road in Papua New Guinea.

Overall, traveling around Papua New Guinea may require a bit of planning and patience due to the limited transportation options. However, it's also an opportunity to experience the country's natural beauty and cultural diversity.

Papua New Guinea's currency is the Kina (PGK). It's not usually traded outside the country, so it's advisable to exchange money upon arrival at the airport or at a bank. ATMs are available in major towns, but they may not always work, so it's a good idea to carry some cash. Credit cards are accepted at some hotels, restaurants, and shops, but they may charge an extra fee.

Customs allowances for Papua New Guinea follow international standards. Visitors are allowed to bring in up to 250 cigarettes, one litre of spirits, and goods with a total value of PGK1,000 without paying duty. Prohibited items include firearms, drugs, and pornography. Certain wildlife products, such as crocodile skins and feathers, are restricted, and it's important to obtain the necessary permits before attempting to export them.

Papua New Guinea offers a unique culinary experience with a blend of traditional Melanesian dishes and international cuisine. The country is known for its fresh seafood, tropical fruits, and vegetables. Some popular traditional dishes include 'mumu,' a meal prepared in an underground oven with meat, vegetables, and spices, and 'kokoda,' a dish made from raw fish marinated in lime juice and coconut cream.

In terms of drinks, Papua New Guinea is famous for its coffee, which is grown in the highlands region. The coffee is known for its bold flavor and is exported around the world. Beer is also a popular drink in Papua New Guinea, with local brands like SP Lager and Niugini Ice Beer.

As for nightlife, the options are limited, especially outside of major cities like Port Moresby and Lae. Most bars and clubs close early, and it's important to be cautious and avoid any risky situations.

It's worth noting that in many parts of the country, tap water is not safe to drink. Bottled water is widely available, but visitors should also be cautious about consuming raw fruits and vegetables that may have been washed in tap water.

Overall, while Papua New Guinea may not offer a bustling nightlife scene, visitors can still enjoy a range of delicious cuisine and unique drinks.

Papua New Guinea has a strict visa policy, and all visitors, except those from visa-exempt countries, are required to obtain a visa before entering the country. Visa exemptions are granted to citizens of countries such as Australia, New Zealand, the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, among others, for stays of up to 60 days.

For visitors who require a visa, there are several types available, including tourist visas, business visas, and work permits. Tourist visas are valid for stays of up to 60 days and can be extended for an additional 30 days. Business visas are valid for up to 6 months, while work permits are valid for up to 2 years.

Visitors must have a passport that is valid for at least 6 months from the date of entry into the country, a return or onward ticket, and proof of sufficient funds to cover their stay.

It is recommended that visitors apply for a visa well in advance of their trip, as processing times can vary depending on the type of visa and the applicant's nationality. Visa applications can be made at the nearest Papua New Guinea diplomatic mission or online through the PNG Immigration & Citizenship Service Authority website.

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a country with diverse cultures, stunning landscapes, and an abundance of natural resources. However, like any other country, safety concerns do exist, and visitors need to be aware of potential risks and how to stay safe.

One of the main safety concerns for tourists in PNG is crime, particularly in urban areas such as Port Moresby and Lae. Petty theft and pickpocketing are common, and visitors should take precautions such as not displaying valuables and avoiding unlit or isolated areas. Violent crime such as armed robbery, carjacking, and sexual assault can also occur, especially at night. Visitors should take extra care and avoid walking alone at night or in unfamiliar areas.

There are also safety concerns when it comes to natural hazards. PNG is located in the Pacific Ring of Fire, and earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis can occur. Visitors should stay informed of the latest information and follow advice from local authorities. Additionally, the country has dense forests, rugged mountains, and fast-flowing rivers that can pose a risk to those who are not adequately prepared or experienced in outdoor activities.

Visitors to PNG should also be aware of the risk of contracting diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, and tuberculosis. It is essential to take preventative measures such as using mosquito repellent, wearing long-sleeved clothing, and taking anti-malarial medication if recommended by a healthcare professional.

In summary, while PNG offers a unique and rewarding travel experience, visitors should take care and be aware of potential risks to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip. It is essential to keep up-to-date with the latest safety information and follow local advice.


  1. Dress conservatively, especially when visiting remote villages and attending cultural events.
  2. Respect the local customs and traditions, and seek permission before taking photographs of people or their belongings.
  3. Carry a photocopy of your passport and visa with you at all times.
  4. Try the local food and drinks, such as sago, taro, and coconut milk.
  5. Carry a first aid kit and insect repellent, as well as any necessary medication.
  6. Learn a few words of Tok Pisin, the local language, to help you communicate with the locals.
  7. Be aware of your surroundings, especially when traveling alone or at night.


  1. Don't wear revealing clothing, as it may be considered offensive or inappropriate.
  2. Don't walk around with expensive jewelry, cameras, or other valuables that may attract thieves.
  3. Don't touch or disturb any cultural artifacts or objects, as they are considered sacred.
  4. Don't wander off alone or without a local guide in remote areas or unfamiliar places.
  5. Don't drink tap water or consume food from street vendors, as it may cause illness.
  6. Don't criticize or mock the local customs or beliefs, as it may be seen as disrespectful.
  7. Don't take photos of military installations or personnel without permission.

Papua New Guinea is a diverse and culturally-rich country with many fascinating places to visit. Here are some of the main places to visit:

  1. Port Moresby: As the capital city, Port Moresby offers a range of cultural and historical attractions. Visitors can explore the National Museum and Art Gallery, the Parliament House, and the Port Moresby Nature Park.
  2. Kokopo: Located in East New Britain, Kokopo is a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling. Visitors can explore the reefs, shipwrecks, and marine life of the Bismarck Sea.
  3. Lae: Known as the "Garden City," Lae is the second-largest city in Papua New Guinea. Visitors can explore the Lae War Cemetery, the Botanical Gardens, and the Rainforest Habitat.
  4. Goroka: Located in the Eastern Highlands, Goroka is known for its colorful cultural festivals, such as the Goroka Show. Visitors can also explore the Asaro Mudmen Village and the Mt. Wilhelm National Park.
  5. Madang: Known as the "prettiest town in the South Pacific," Madang is a popular destination for diving and snorkeling. Visitors can explore the coral reefs, shipwrecks, and marine life of the Madang Lagoon.
  6. Wewak: Located in the Sepik region, Wewak is known for its traditional Sepik culture. Visitors can explore the Sepik River and the villages of the Sepik people.
  7. Rabaul: Located in East New Britain, Rabaul is known for its stunning volcanic landscapes and World War II history. Visitors can explore the Rabaul Volcano Observatory, the Japanese tunnels, and the War Museum.
  8. Mount Hagen: Located in the Western Highlands, Mount Hagen is known for its colorful cultural festivals, such as the Mount Hagen Show. Visitors can also explore the Hagen Market and the Dei Council House.
  9. Tari: Located in the Southern Highlands, Tari is known for its traditional Huli culture. Visitors can explore the Huli Wigmen Village and the Ambua Lodge.
  10. Manus Island: Located in the Admiralty Islands, Manus Island is known for its beautiful beaches and traditional culture. Visitors can explore the Lorengau Market, the Manus Provincial Museum, and the cultural festivals.

Please note that some of these places may require special permits to visit, so it's important to check with local authorities before planning your trip.

WATER: In Papua New Guinea, tap water is not generally safe to drink. It is recommended that visitors boil their water or use bottled water for drinking and brushing their teeth. Bottled water is widely available in most urban areas.

ELECTRICITY: The standard voltage in Papua New Guinea is 240V, with a frequency of 50 Hz. The country uses Type I plugs with three flat pins, similar to those used in Australia and New Zealand. Visitors should bring adapters for their electronics if they are from a country with a different plug type.

INTERNET: Internet access is available in major cities and towns, but it can be slow and unreliable in rural areas. Most hotels and resorts offer Wi-Fi to guests, but visitors should not expect the same level of connectivity they may be used to in their home country.

TELEPHONE: The country code for Papua New Guinea is +675. Visitors can easily purchase a local SIM card to use with their unlocked phone, but coverage can be spotty in some areas.

It is important to note that Papua New Guinea is a developing country, and infrastructure can be limited in some areas. Visitors should be prepared for occasional power outages, unreliable water and internet service, and other inconveniences. However, the country's natural beauty and unique cultural experiences make it a worthwhile destination for adventurous travelers.

Papua New Guinea is a unique and diverse country located in the western Pacific Ocean. It is known for its rugged terrain, dense rainforests, and stunning coral reefs. The country is made up of over 600 islands and has a population of around 9 million people, who speak over 800 different languages.

The official language of Papua New Guinea is English, but many people also speak Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu. The country's currency is the Papua New Guinean Kina (PGK).

Papua New Guinea is a predominantly Christian country, with a significant number of people also following traditional religions. Visitors should be aware of local customs and respect the religious beliefs of the people they meet.

Healthcare in Papua New Guinea is limited, particularly in rural areas. Visitors should take precautions to prevent mosquito-borne illnesses, such as dengue fever and malaria, and should consider getting vaccinations for typhoid, hepatitis A and B, and rabies before traveling to the country.

The time zone in Papua New Guinea is GMT+10. The country operates on a 220-240V electrical system, and visitors may need adapters for their electrical devices. Business hours in Papua New Guinea vary, but most offices are open from 8:00am to 4:30pm, Monday to Friday.

Banks are generally open from 9:00am to 3:00pm, Monday to Friday. ATMs are widely available in major towns and cities, but visitors should carry cash with them as many businesses do not accept credit cards.

When it comes to clothing, visitors should dress modestly and comfortably, taking into account the hot and humid climate. Shorts and t-shirts are acceptable in most situations, but visitors should dress more formally when attending business meetings or religious services.


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