The Barail Range Trek is an exciting adventure for those who love nature and trekking. The trek is situated in the beautiful state of Assam in Northeast India, and it takes you through the lush green hills of the Barail Range. The Barail Range is a series of hills that run along the southern border of Assam, separating it from the neighboring state of Meghalaya. The trek offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscapes, wildlife sightings, and a chance to experience the local culture.

Trek Itinerary:

The trek can be completed in around 4-5 days, depending on the pace of the trekker. Here is a sample itinerary for the Barail Range Trek:

Day 1: Guwahati to Haflong (by road, 4-5 hours) The trek starts from the town of Haflong, which is around 350 km from Guwahati. You can reach Haflong by taking a taxi or a bus from Guwahati. Haflong is a picturesque town located on a hill and surrounded by lush green forests.

Day 2: Haflong to Mahur (by road, 2-3 hours) After breakfast, you will be driven to Mahur, which is around 70 km from Haflong. The road journey takes around 2-3 hours, and it passes through scenic landscapes and small villages. Mahur is a small town located at the foothills of the Barail Range.

Day 3: Mahur to Barail Wildlife Sanctuary (trekking, 4-5 hours) After an early breakfast, you will start trekking towards the Barail Wildlife Sanctuary. The trek takes you through dense forests, streams, and waterfalls. You can expect to see a variety of wildlife, including elephants, deer, wild boars, and different species of birds. You will camp inside the sanctuary for the night.

Day 4: Barail Wildlife Sanctuary to Jadonang Memorial (trekking, 6-7 hours) After breakfast, you will continue trekking towards the Jadonang Memorial, which is around 15 km from the Barail Wildlife Sanctuary. The trail takes you through dense forests, steep ascents and descents, and river crossings. The Jadonang Memorial is a historic site dedicated to the memory of Rani Gaidinliu’s spiritual mentor, Jadonang, who led a rebellion against British rule in the early 20th century. You will camp near the memorial for the night.

Day 5: Jadonang Memorial to Jatinga (trekking, 5-6 hours) On the last day of the trek, you will trek from the Jadonang Memorial to Jatinga. Jatinga is a small village located on a hilltop, and it is famous for its bird phenomenon. During certain months of the year, many species of birds are known to fly towards bright lights and become disoriented, leading to their deaths. You will camp near the village for the night.

Day 6: Jatinga to Haflong (trekking, 3-4 hours) After breakfast, you will trek down from Jatinga to Haflong. The trail takes you through beautiful meadows, forests, and small villages. You will reach Haflong by afternoon. From Haflong, you can take a taxi or a bus back to Guwahati.

Barail Range Trek || Assam

Important Information:

Here are some important pieces of information you should know before embarking on the Barail Range Trek:

Best Time to Visit:

The best time to do the Barail Range Trek is from October to March, as the weather during this time is relatively dry and cool. The monsoon season in Assam starts in April and lasts till September, which can make the trek challenging due to heavy rains and slippery trails.

Trek Duration:

The Barail Range Trek can be completed in 7-8 days, depending on the pace of the trekker. The trek involves steep ascents and descents, river crossings, and rugged terrain, making it a challenging trek.

Trekking Permits:

Foreigners are required to obtain a permit from the Ministry of Home Affairs before starting the trek. The permit is easily available through tour operators or travel agencies. Indian nationals do not require any permits for the trek.


During the trek, you will need to carry your own camping gear, food, and water. The trek passes through some remote areas, so it is advisable to hire a local guide or porter to help you with your luggage and navigation. There are no hotels or guesthouses along the trek, so camping is the only option.


The Barail Range Trek involves rugged terrain, steep climbs, and river crossings, making it a challenging trek. It is essential to be physically fit and mentally prepared before starting the trek. Hiring a local guide or porter is recommended as they are familiar with the terrain and can assist in case of an emergency. It is also essential to carry a first aid kit, insect repellent, and other necessary items.

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