1. Trabzon, historically known as Trebizond, has a fascinating past that dates back to ancient times. It served as an important trading hub along the Silk Road and flourished as an influential Byzantine and Ottoman city. Today, Trabzon blends its historical charm with modern developments, captivating visitors with its breathtaking landscapes, historic landmarks, and warm hospitality.
  2. History & Culture: Trabzon is steeped in history and showcases remnants of its Byzantine and Ottoman heritage. The city is home to several historic landmarks and sites, including the Hagia Sophia of Trabzon. This impressive structure, originally built as a church in the 13th century, features stunning frescoes and has been converted into a museum. Other notable historical sites include the Trabzon Castle, Ataturk Mansion, and Sumela Monastery, perched on the cliffs of the Altindere National Park.
  3. Weather and Best Time to Visit: Trabzon experiences a mild and wet climate due to its proximity to the Black Sea. Summers are relatively cool, making it a pleasant time to explore the city and enjoy the surrounding natural beauty. The best time to visit Trabzon is during the months of May to September when the weather is favorable for outdoor activities and sightseeing.
  4. How to Reach: Trabzon has its own international airport, Trabzon Airport, which receives domestic and international flights. It is well-connected to major cities in Turkey and several European destinations. Travelers can also reach Trabzon by road or sea, with regular bus services and ferry connections available.
  5. Local Transportation Available: Trabzon has an efficient public transportation system that allows visitors to explore the city and its surroundings. Buses and minibusses, locally known as dolmus, are the main modes of transportation within the city. Taxis are also readily available for convenient and comfortable travel. Renting a car is another option for those who prefer more flexibility and independence.
  6. Must-Visit Tourist Attractions: Trabzon offers a wide array of must-visit attractions that showcase its natural and cultural beauty. Here are some popular tourist spots in Trabzon:


  • Hagia Sophia of Trabzon: A historic marvel with stunning Byzantine frescoes and a fascinating museum.
  • Trabzon Castle: An ancient fortress with panoramic views of the city and the Black Sea.
  • Ataturk Mansion: The former residence of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, offering insights into Turkish history.
  • Uzungol: A picturesque lake surrounded by lush green hills and ideal for nature walks and relaxation.
  • Sera Golu: A serene lake located within the dense forests of the region, perfect for a peaceful getaway.
  • Akcaabat: A coastal town known for its delicious local cuisine, including the famous Akcaabat meatballs.
  • Boztepe: A hilltop viewpoint offering breathtaking panoramic views of Trabzon and the Black Sea.
  • Gulbahar Hatun Mosque: A beautiful mosque known for its Ottoman architecture and intricate tile work.
  • Trabzon Museum: Showcasing artifacts and exhibits that depict the history and culture of the region.
  • Ortahisar Neighborhood: A charming area with traditional houses, narrow streets, and local shops.

These attractions provide a glimpse into Trabzon’s natural beauty, architectural wonders, and cultural heritage.

  1. Must-Do Activities: Trabzon offers a range of activities to make your visit memorable and immersive. Here are some must-do activities in Trabzon:

  • Explore the Altindere National Park: Discover the lush forests, hiking trails, and the mesmerizing Sumela Monastery.
  • Sample Local Cuisine: Indulge in Trabzon’s culinary delights, including regional specialties like anchovies, buttery pastries, and various seafood dishes.
  • Take a Black Sea Cruise: Embark on a boat trip to admire the stunning coastline, enjoy the sea breeze, and explore hidden coves and beaches.
  • Visit Local Bazaars: Immerse yourself in the local culture by wandering through the bustling bazaars, such as the Trabzon City Center Market, and shop for unique souvenirs and traditional handicrafts.
  • Enjoy Water Sports: Engage in thrilling water sports activities like swimming, jet skiing, and parasailing along the Black Sea coast.
  • Attend Local Festivals: Experience the vibrant culture of Trabzon by participating in festivals like the International Trabzon Music Festival, which celebrates regional music and dance traditions.
  • Visit Tea Plantations: Take a trip to the lush tea plantations surrounding Trabzon and witness the tea-picking process while enjoying a cup of traditional Turkish tea.

Turkey Tours

These activities offer diverse experiences that allow you to fully immerse yourself in the beauty and culture of Trabzon.

  1. Fun & Entertainment Parks and Adventure Parks: Trabzon doesn’t have dedicated amusement parks or adventure parks. However, the city’s natural surroundings provide opportunities for outdoor adventures, including hiking, trekking, and exploring the national parks. Altindere National Park, located near the Sumela Monastery, offers scenic hiking trails amidst nature.
  2. Popular Food and Drinks: Trabzon is renowned for its delicious cuisine, influenced by the Black Sea region. Here are some popular food and drinks to try in Trabzon:

  • Hamsi (Anchovies): Trabzon is famous for its fresh anchovies, prepared in various ways such as fried, grilled, or in pilaf.
  • Karadeniz Pidesi: Black Sea-style pide, a boat-shaped bread topped with various ingredients like cheese, ground meat, or vegetables.
  • Kuymak: A traditional cornmeal dish cooked with local cheese and butter, often served as a hearty breakfast or side dish.
  • Laz Boregi: A savory pastry filled with a mixture of cheese, parsley, and onions, baked until golden and crispy.
  • Muhlama: A rich and creamy dish made from melted butter and cornmeal, typically served with cheese and honey.
  • Rize Tea: Enjoy a cup of traditional Turkish tea, as Trabzon is surrounded by lush tea plantations that produce high-quality tea leaves.

Karadeniz Pidesi:
Karadeniz Pidesi:

These culinary delights will satisfy your taste buds and give you a true taste of the local flavors.

  1. Restaurants and Bars: Trabzon offers a range of dining options, from traditional local eateries to international cuisine. Here are some popular restaurants and bars in Trabzon:

  • Cizmeci Restaurant: A well-known seafood restaurant that offers a variety of freshly caught fish and seafood dishes.
  • Kemerkaya Restaurant: Known for its authentic local cuisine, including Black Sea specialties and delicious desserts.
  • Zeytinlik Cinaralti Restaurant: Situated in a scenic location, it serves traditional Turkish dishes and offers stunning views of the Black Sea.
  • Mado Cafe: A popular chain of cafes where you can enjoy Turkish desserts, ice cream, and beverages.
  • Pasam Restaurant: Offers a combination of Turkish and international dishes in a cozy and relaxed setting.
  • Cafe Inkilap: A trendy cafe with a lively atmosphere, serving a variety of drinks, snacks, and light meals.

Cafe Inkilap
Cafe Inkilap

These dining establishments cater to a range of tastes and provide delightful culinary experiences.

  1. Nightlife and Nightclubs: Trabzon’s nightlife scene is relatively calm compared to larger cities in Turkey. However, you can find cozy cafes, tea gardens, and bars where you can enjoy a relaxed evening. Some popular spots for nightlife in Trabzon include the city center, Ataturk Street, and Meydan Park. Here, you can savor traditional Turkish tea or coffee, socialize with locals, and experience the warm hospitality of the region.
  2. Shopping Centers and Markets: Trabzon offers various shopping options, from local markets to modern shopping centers. Here are some popular places to shop in Trabzon:

  • Trabzon City Center Market: A vibrant market offering a wide range of goods, including fresh produce, clothing, accessories, and souvenirs.
  • Varlıbaş Shopping Center: A modern shopping center with a variety of shops, including clothing stores, electronics, and entertainment options.
  • Forum Trabzon Shopping Center: A large shopping center with international and local brands, a food court, and a cinema.
  • Trabzon Bakircilar Carsisi: Known for its copperware, this market offers a unique shopping experience, with a variety of handmade copper items.

These shopping destinations allow you to explore and purchase a wide range of products, including local handicrafts, textiles, spices, and traditional Turkish items.

  1. Museums and Educational Institutions: Trabzon boasts several museums and educational institutions that provide insights into the city’s history and culture. Some notable ones include:

  • Trabzon Museum: Located in the city center, it exhibits a wide range of artifacts, including historical documents, traditional costumes, and archaeological findings.
  • Trabzon State Theater: Offers theatrical performances, showcasing local talent and cultural expressions.
  • Karadeniz Technical University: One of Turkey’s prominent universities, offering various academic programs and cultural events.

Karadeniz Technical University
Karadeniz Technical University

These institutions contribute to the cultural and educational vibrancy of Trabzon.

  1. Safety for Tourists and Do’s & Don’ts: Trabzon is generally considered a safe city for tourists. However, it’s always advisable to take common precautions, such as keeping an eye on your belongings, using reputable transportation, and being aware of your surroundings. It’s also respectful to dress modestly when visiting religious sites.
  2. Environment and Sustainable Tourism: Trabzon is blessed with natural beauty, including lush forests, picturesque coastline, and stunning mountains. To promote sustainable tourism, visitors are encouraged to respect and preserve the environment by following designated hiking trails, disposing of waste responsibly, and supporting eco-friendly initiatives.
  3. General Information:

  • Language: Turkish is the official language, but English is widely spoken in tourist areas.
  • Religion: The majority of the population is Muslim, and mosques are important cultural landmarks.
  • Population: Trabzon has a population of approximately 800,000 people.
  • Holidays: Turkey’s national holidays are observed in Trabzon, including Republic Day (October 29) and various religious holidays based on the Islamic calendar.
  • Water and Electricity: Tap water is generally safe for bathing and brushing teeth, but it’s advisable to drink bottled water. Electricity runs on 220V, and Type F sockets are commonly used.
  • Mobile and Internet: Trabzon has good mobile network coverage, and most hotels, restaurants, and cafes offer free Wi-Fi.
  • Health Services: Trabzon has hospitals and medical facilities that provide healthcare services to locals and tourists.
  • Postal Service: There are post offices in Trabzon where you can send letters and packages.
  • Suitable Clothing: Trabzon has a moderate climate, so it’s advisable to pack comfortable clothing suitable for the season. When visiting religious sites, it’s respectful to dress modestly, covering shoulders and knees.

Tourist Attractions in Turkey

  1. Banks: Trabzon has several banks and ATMs where you can exchange currency and withdraw cash. Major credit cards are widely accepted, but it’s advisable to carry some cash for smaller establishments and local markets.

Trabzon’s combination of natural beauty, historical landmarks, and warm hospitality make it a captivating destination for travelers. Whether you’re exploring the city’s cultural heritage, savoring the local cuisine, or immersing yourself in the stunning landscapes, Trabzon offers a unique and memorable experience.

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